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Kendall College of Art and Design Library


Welcome to KCAD Library Copyright and Fair Use Research Guide! The purpose of this guide is to help you navigate through the many resources available to you through the KCAD Library and beyond.

Copyright Law

Title 17 of the United States Code - the Copyright Law of the United States

Fair Use clause as explained by the U.S. Copyright Office

The four factors of Fair Use:

  1. The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes
  2. The nature of the copyrighted work
  3. The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole
  4. The effect of the use upon the potential market for, or value of, the copyrighted work

How to Obtain Permission

Online handbooks/guides for Fair Use and Visual Arts

Tools for determining copyright

Fair Use Checklist from the Copyright Clearance Center

Digital Image Rights Computator from the Visual Resources Association

Copyright term and Public Domain in the U.S. chart from Cornell University's Copyright Information Center

Additional resources

Fair Use Frequently Asked Questions from the College Art Association

Copyright Backgrounder from the Center for Media & Social Impact

Copyright, Permissions, and Fair Use in the Visual Arts Communities: An Issues Report from the Center for Media & Social Impact

Copyright Perspectives: "Appropriation Art" - Transformative Use, or Derivative Abuse? blog post from Copyright Clearance Center

Additional Resources on Intellectual Property and Copyright compiled by the Visual Resources Association