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Predatory Publishing has been facilitated by the growth of online publishing and has flourished under the Open Access publication model, a model that often charges an author fee in order to make an article freely available for public viewing. Predatory publishing is characterized by some or all of the following characteristics:
Charging exorbitant author fees for publication (these fees may not be upfront, but rather an invoice may be generated after an article is submitted)
Phishing emails soliciting manuscripts for publication
Lack of an editorial board or true peer review system
No digital preservation plan
Poor journal quality
Journals are not covered (indexed) in scholarly databases