Skip to main content


Learn how to cite resources using the right style for your major!

The information on this handout is derived from the 8th edition of the MLA Handbook. 

Internal Citation

When incorporating information into a research paper which is directly derived from another source, it is necessary to insert a parenthetical reference within the body of the paper indicating the author’s last name and the page number. For more examples, the MLA Handbook, 8th edition.

Author’s Name in Text 

According to Naomi Baron, reading is “just half of literacy. The other half is writing” (194).

Author’s Name in Reference

Reading is “just half of literacy. The other half is writing” (Baron 194). 

Works Cited

The Works Cited list should appear as a separate page at the end of the paper, numbered as though it were a page in the paper. Double-space between and within entries. Entries should be alphabetized by first word of entry. Second and subsequent lines in each entry should be indented ½ inch. 

Works Cited Examples

[Use the Digital Object Identifier (doi) if given. Otherwise, use the URL.]

Chan, Evans. “Postmodernism and Hong Kong Cinema.” Postmodern Culture, vol. 10, no. 3, May 2000. Project Muse, doi: 10.1353/pmc.2000.0021.

Goldman, Anne. “Questions of Transport: Reading Primo Levi Reading Dante.” The Georgia Review, vol. 64, no. 1, 2010, pp. 69-88. JSTOR,

Hollmichel, Stefanie. “The Reading Brain: Differences between Digital and Print.” So Many Books, 25 Apr. 2013,
"Athlete's Foot - Topic Overview." WebMD, 25 Sept. 2014, 
Boterbloem, Kees. Life and Death under Stalin: Kalinin Province, 1945-1953. McGill-Queen’s UP, 1999. ProQuest Ebook Central, detail.action?docID=3331091.
Gajdusek, Robert E. Hemingway in His Own Country. U of Notre Dame P, 2002. 

Book by two authors

Booth, Wayne C., and Joseph M. Williams. The Craft of Research. 2nd ed., U of Chicago P, 2003.

Book by three or more authors

Burdick, Anne, et al. Digital_Humanities. MIT P, 2012.
Chedgzoy, Kate, editor. Shakespeare, Feminism and Gender. Palgrave, 2001.

[When no individual author or editor is listed, but rather a foundation, association, or company.]

Public Agenda Foundation. The Health Care Crisis: Containing Costs, Expanding Coverage. McGraw, 1992.

[If an article is not printed on consecutive pages, include only the first page number and a plus sign.]

Haughney, Christine. “Women Unafraid of Condo Commitment.” New York Times, 10 Dec. 2016, late ed., 1+.
Duvall, John N. "The (Super)Marketplace of Images: Television as Unmediated Mediation in DeLillo's White Noise." Arizona Quarterly, vol. 50, no. 3, 1994, pp. 127-53.
McEvoy, Dermot. “Little Books, Big Success.” Publisher’s Weekly, 30 Oct. 2006, pp. 26-28.
Bordo, Susan. “The Moral Content of Nabokov’s Lolita.” Aesthetic Subjects, edited by Pamela R. Matthews and David McWhirter, U of Minnesota P, 2003, pp. 125-52.
Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV. 1800, oil on canvas, Museo del Prado, Madrid.

Available at FLITE