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Learn how to cite resources using the right style for your major!

The information on this handout is derived from the 6th edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association and other sources. For more examples, see the APA Publication Manual, 6th edition, p. 209-210 or

Audiovisual media include motion pictures; audio or television broadcasts (including podcasts); and static objects such as maps, artwork, or photos. 

Internal Citation

For Images/Audiovisual Media in Document

Cite using the guidelines on FLITE’s standard APA Citation page.

For Images/Audiovisual Media in Slideshow

Place either artist-title or URL of image into small text box on the slide using small font (suggested: 8). 


Image and other audiovisual media citations should appear on the References list at the end of the paper. Entries should be alphabetized by first word of entry and alphabetized with the print and electronic references on the list. Do not list images separately. When using images in a presentation such as a slideshow, prepare a Reference list on a separate slide at the end of the presentation. Use the same guidelines listed on thes standard APA Citation page

Reference Examples

Wyeth, A. (1948). Christina’s world [Painting]. Retrieved from 

[When no title is given, use a descriptive title in brackets.]

CubaGallery. (2009). [Ferris wheel] [Photograph]. Retrieved from 

[When artwork has a Creative Commons license.]

Foster, G. (2009). Transparent butterfly [Photograph]. Available under a Creative Commons license. Retrieved from 

Rodin, A. (1902). The thinker [Bronze and marble sculpture]. Paris, France: Musee Rodin. 

Clark. L. (ca. 1960’s). Man with baby [Photograph]. George Eastman House, Rochester, NY. Retrieved from ARTstor database. 

Available at FLITE