Skip to main content

Biology, Natural Science Resources: Writing and Citation Help

Citation Styles for the Sciences

Ask your professor which citation style is preferred.

American Psychological Association (APA), Council of Science Editors (CSE), National Library of Medicine (NLM), American Medical Association (AMA), New England Journal of Medicine (NJEM) and other styles may be used in the biological sciences.  Please see linked Citation Style Guides:

American Medical Association (AMA)

American Psychological Association (APA)

                                 APA guide

APA Style Guides:

      College of St. Benedict/St. John's University

        FLITE, Ferris State University                                  

      Northern Michigan University                                     

Council of Science Editors (CSE)

National Library of Medicine (NLM)

New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM)

Many journals have their own citation style, most of which are largely based off of another major style, such as National Library of Medicine citation style. The Instructions for Authors is where you'll find the proper citation style for a specific journal, such as the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM).

NEJM Style Guide:

NEJM References

The Writing Center, Ferris State University

Contact The Writing Center at Ferris for assistance with all aspects of academic writing, including review of student papers.  See link below!

Citation & Citation Tools

You must cite your sources of information to avoid plaigiarism.  Click the icon below to learn about citing sources.

No plagiarism

Zotero-Getting Started