SCWK 240 (All Classes): Introduction
My name is Stacy Anderson, and I am the librarian who works with the students in the Social Work program. I hope this guide helps you with the research you need to do for SCWK 240. Please don't hesitate to contact me if you need help!
Why Develop a Search Strategy?
Before starting a search, it is helpful to clarify what you are looking for by developing a search strategy. Developing a search strategy is a useful practice for several important reasons.
- Helps focus your search
- Gives you something to work with
- Saves you time in the long run
- Helps you find larger amount of relevant information
Building a Search Strategy
Think about the focus of your question. Summarize your topic in one or two sentences or questions; try to be as specific as possible.
Example: How are children affected when their parents are prisoners?
Identify key concepts. Using your summarization, identify the two or three main concepts.
Example: children prisoner parents
Select terms to describe your concepts. Remember to include other words that describe these concepts including synonyms, plurals, and variant spellings.
Example: children child; prisoner prisoners inmate inmates incarcerated; parents parent mother mothers father fathers
Use advanced searching options or limiters to narrow your results. If your results list is large, narrow down the results by date, material type, etc.
Build on what you've found. The research process is not linear but cyclical. When you find articles that seem relevant, use the subject headings, or descriptors, and citations from those articles to expand your search. This process will help you re-evaluate your ideas and refocus your search if necessary.
What if you absolutely cannot think of other search terms to describe your topic? Remember you can always email or call me!